Level One

Lesson Six

Page 1 of 5 pages



Gods Response to Mans Rebellion - Part 3

The Atonement


Scripture Reading:   Genesis Chapters 6, 7 and 8, Exodus Chapter 12, Leviticus Chapters 16 and 17.


Memory Verse: Leviticus 17:11


Lesson Objective: To continue our study of the Blood Covenant of the Old Testament and to better understand how it is fulfilled in the death of the Lord Jesus Christ.


Introduction:   Many Christians do not completely understand all that Jesus Christ accomplished for them on the cross when he died for their sins. When asked, they normally reply He paid for my sins. This is correct, however, they fail to comprehend all that was involved in the payment of their sin debt.  This study will help you understand more clearly the significance of the death, burial and resurrection of the Lord Jesus Christ, and what Jesus accomplished for you, the Believer.


Review: From our last two studies we discovered that when man rebelled against God, violating Gods known and expressed will, man lost his sinless nature.  In the moment that he rebelled, his sinless nature was destroyed - - and he discovered a sin nature in its place.


Therefore, every human being born of natural parents since Adam was born with a sin nature.  The one exception is Jesus Christ. Jesus did not have an earthly father.  (Luke 1:25 - 35). Jesus received His body from His mother, He received His nature from His Father - - God.


God Himself provided the first blood sacrifice in the Garden of Eden for the sin of Adam and Eve. (Genesis 3:21) At that time God instituted the Blood Covenant.


Man knew of the requirement for a blood sacrifice for the atonement, (the covering) of sin from the very first offering in the Garden of Eden. In our last lesson, we traced the history and knowledge of the Blood Covenant from Adam to his sons, Cain and Abel.  Now we pick up the Scarlet Thread of Redemption - - the Blood Covenant - - in Genesis, chapter six, and trace it to its conclusion at Calvary.




I.        The First Blood Sacrifice.


1.       Who performed the first blood sacrifice?


2.       What does the word atonement mean?


3.       Who provided the first blood sacrifice?


4.       Who provided the last blood sacrifice?



II.      Noah and His Knowledge of the Blood Sacrifice Requirement (Genesis 7 and 8)


          Adam and Eve had two sons, Cain and Abel. It is obvious that both knew of God's requirement for a blood sacrifice.
          Abel represented the man of God. Cain represented the man of the world. Cain killed Abel.


Adam and Eve had a third son, Seth. As surely as Adam and Eve had instructed Cain and Abel in Gods requirement of a blood sacrifice for sin, they no doubt also instructed Seth as well. Noah is a descendant of Seth. Note also that the word grace (meaning Gods unearned, unmerited favor) is found for the first time in scripture in connection with Noah at Genesis 6:8.


1.       How many of each species of clean (fit for sacrifice) animals did Noah take into the Ark?



2.       Why did Noah take that specific number of clean (fit for sacrifice) animals into the Ark?



3.       What does that say to you about Noah and his knowledge of a requirement for a blood sacrifice?


4.       Again, given the ancestral lineage of Noah, how do you think he knew of the blood sacrifice requirement?



III.     Moses, The Exodus, and the Blood Sacrifice.  (Exodus 12)


           Note that in offering a burnt offering the animal was first killed and then placed upon the altar where it was
           totally consumed by fire!



1.       What kind of lamb was acceptable for sacrifice at the Passover?


2.       In what way was the lamb characteristic of Jesus?


3.       In what way was the blood applied in Exodus 12 symbolic of the cross?


4.       What happened to those who were under the protection of the blood?


5.       What happened to those who were not under the protection of the blood?


6.       How does that relate to mankind - to us today?



IV.     The Blood Covenant and the Day of Atonement. (Leviticus Chapters 16 and 17)


1.       List all the ways in which the High Priest (Aaron) symbolizes Jesus Christ in his activities on the Day of Atonement in Leviticus Chapter 16.
















2.       What is one thing that Aaron had to do that does not symbolize Jesus Christ?


3.       In what way did God deal with the sins of Israel on the Day of Atonement?


4.       What was the significance of the scapegoat and what does it symbolize?


5.       What does the symbolism of the scapegoat say to you about Gods dealing with your sins. (See also Psalms 103:10 -12)


V.      Jesus, and the Blood Covenant.


1.       Describe how Hebrews Chapter 9 relates to Leviticus, Chapter 16.


2.       Why do you think Jesus was called the Lamb of God by John the Baptist in John 1:29?


3.       In dealing with sin in the Old Testament, God: (1) Forgave the sin (2) Forgave the sinner. (3) Put the sin to death.


4.       In what way did the death of Jesus Christ affect the sins of the one who trusts in Him as Savior? (See II Corinthians 5:21)


Conclusion:  God hates sin. God loves sinners.  God assigns sin to the position of death - - He kills sin. In the Old Testament God put sin to death in the sacrificial animals.


Every sacrificial animal in the Old Testament was simply a substitutionary vicarious sacrifice waiting the coming of the Lord Jesus Christ and His death.  When Jesus hung on the cross of Calvary, He reached back into the past and took upon Himself all the sins of those who had died in faith, trusting in the substitutionary blood sacrifice of those animals, and, He reached into the future, to our day, and took upon Himself all of those who would trust in Him as their sinless, willing blood sacrifice.

You, as a Believer, as one who has been Born Again (See John Chapter 3:1-7), must understand that Christ Jesus alone suffered the penalty for your sins.  He alone provides atonement (covering) for your sins.  Jesus alone was the only suitable, acceptable, sinless, willing blood sacrifice for your sins.  God Himself came to earth as a man, called Himself Jesus, and took upon Himself the penalty that we justly deserved.


God provided the first sacrifice in Eden, and God provided the last sacrifice at Calvary. Believers can rest assured that their sins were covered at Calvary.


You as a Believer, can rest assured that your past is forgotten, and your sins are put to death in Jesus Christ, the Lamb of God.  When you realize you have sinned, you simply confess the sin, and that sin dies in Christ Jesus. You are under the protective covering of the blood of Jesus Christ. You are now free to live a life of obedience to Him, to love Him and to continually reflect your gratitude for the “Lamb of Calvary” - -Jesus Christ as you live your life in surrender and submission to His Lordship!!!  Hallelujah!!!